2050 Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) by Costa Rica
Both short-term and long-term action plans are necessary to undertake a just, sustainable, yet cost-effective transition to renewable energy that addresses climate change. The Paris Agreement encourages member countries to formulate and communicate mid-century long-term Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) by 2020. In keeping with this, Costa Rica, a world leader in renewable energy, submitted a National Decarbonization Plan 2018-2050 to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 to the UNFCCC. The plan identifies 10 action points under four umbrella sectors: transport and sustainable mobility; energy, green building and industry; integrated waste management; and agriculture, land-use change and nature-based solutions. The following cross-cutting strategies have been proposed to realise this plan: principles of inclusivity and equality; institutional reform; green tax reform; finance and foreign direct investments; digitisation and knowledge based strategy; labour strategies for a just transition; open data and transparency; education and culture strategy.